Bloom’s Taxonomy – Level 3 Apply


Bloom's TaxonomyLearners effectively apply concepts, principles, methods, rules, laws, theories, and other newly learned information to novel and concrete situations in the form of measurable activity with minimal direction.  In this stage, a change in behavior occurs.  For example, a learner will conduct an effective negotiation session or perform conflict management via role-play.  Learning outcomes require a higher level of understanding than those in the Knowledge and Understand domains. 

Performance Verbs

  • Adopt
  • Apply
  • Avail
  • Carry out
  • Capitalize
  • Change
  • Choose
  • Classify
  • Collect information
  • Compare and contrast
  • Compute
  • Conduct
  • Construct (e.g. charts and graphs)
  • Consume
  • Deduce
  • Demonstrate correct usage of a method or procedure
  • Devote
  • Discover
  • Dramatize
  • Draw conclusions
  • Edit
  • Employ
  • Execute
  • Exercise
  • Exert
  • Exhibit
  • Experiment
  • Exploit
  • Handle
  • Illustrate
  • Implement
  • Interpret
  • Make
  • Make use of the known
  • Manage
  • Manipulate
  • Mobilize
  • Model
  • Modify
  • Operate
  • Organize
  • Paint
  • Perform
  • Practice
  • Predict
  • Prepare
  • Profit by
  • Produce
  • Put into action
  • Put together
  • Put to use
  • Question
  • React
  • Relate
  • Report
  • Respond
  • Role-play
  • Schedule
  • Share
  • Shop
  • Show
  • Sketch
  • Solve problems (real life and mathematical)
  • Take up
  • Translate
  • Try
  • Use
  • Utilize
  • Wield

Examples of Activities or Uses

  • Apply accounting strategies to understand financial documents
  • Apply ideas to new situations
  • Apply laws of statistics to evaluate the reliability of a written test
  • Apply learned information to a new situation
  • Apply rules of correct customer service protocol while interacting with a customer in xyz situation
  • Apply rule to on-the-job situation
  • Apply technique learned to an authentic situation
  • Apply the conflict model as learned in a role play situation
  • Assemble a collection of photographs relating to the topic
  • Capitalize on the idea of a social media marketing – create a social media marketing plan with various tools, promotional materials, and advertising that will promote your social media resources
  • Classify product types
  • Command others step-by-step to perform a new procedure
  • Compare and contrast attitudes toward e-learning today and in the 1990s
  • Conduct a meeting
  • Conduct an experiment
  • Conduct an interview
  • Create a forecast based on newly learned information
  • Describe a situation you have encountered that is similar to the one we just discussed
  • Determine your curriculum outline for a new training program
  • Dub video or TV show
  • Graph information
  • How does the principle of supply and demand affect your business plan
  • Interview colleagues on daily activities
  • Make a diagram, sculpture, illustration, mobile, collage, model, map, cartoon,
  • Operate computer program to obtain a goal or objective
  • Organize the types of fractures from most severe to less severe
  • Participate in virtual simulation
  • Play a computer game with tasks that include application of skills
  • Plan a corporate event with specific company guidelines and budget
  • Presentation
  • Produce a newspaper, article, story, etc.
  • Produce questions
  • Put information in graph form
  • Questioning
    • Provide an instance which ___.
    • How is x related to y?
    • How is x an example of y?
    • How would you use this information?
    • How is x an example of y?
    • How is x related to y?
    • Why is xyz significant?
  • Role-plays
  • Select examples of how “private” social networking can impact one’s “public” internet footprint
  • Select the most appropriate procedure for xyz situation
  • Simulation activities
  • Sketch a picture that relates to your ideas on effective leadership
  • Solve a puzzle
  • Solve problems
    • based on known information
    • Use knowledge from various areas to find solutions to problems
  • Suggest actual uses
  • Upload and share material
  • Use a manual to calculate an employee’s vacation time
  • Using the flow chart you created on handling customer complaints, determine which steps one should take to create customer satisfaction
  • What could you say in xyz situation to overcome objections?
  • Write a business proposal to your finance director
  • Write a telephone conversation between a seller and a client

Bloom’s Taxonomy – Level 2 Understand


Bloom's TaxonomyLearners comprehend the meaning of the material presented and predict consequences or effects from it.  No change in behavior occurs at this level.  Learners are able to describe their understanding of what is presented and discuss how the new material learned may or may not work in their own environment.  This type of thinking skills tells you that a learner can grasp and interpret prior learning.  Remembering and Understanding often go together, but Understanding goes one step beyond Remembering

Performance Verbs 

  • Account for
  • Advance
  • Alter
  • Annotate
  • Calculate
  • Categorize
  • Change
  • Classify
  • Communicate an idea in a new or different way
  • Compare
  • Comprehend
  • Conclude
  • Confirm
  • Construe
  • Contemplate
  • Convert
  • Critique
  • Describe a concept in one’s own words
  • Defend
  • Define
  • Demonstrate
  • Describe
  • Discuss
  • Distinguish
  • Draw this scene/story
  • Estimate (e.g. future trends)
  • Expand
  • Explain ideas
  • Expound
  • Express in other terms
  • Extend
  • Extrapolate
  • Generalize
  • Give an example
  • Give main idea
  • Give descriptions
  • Identify
  • Illustrate
  • Infer
  • Interpret material (e.g. charts, graphs)
  • Locate
  • Match
  • Moderate
  • Offer
  • Organization and selection of facts and ideas
  • Outline
  • Paraphrase
  • Predict consequences or effects
  • Project effects of ideas
  • Propose
  • Qualify
  • Recognize
  • Reference
  • Reiterate
  • Relate
  • Render
  • Report
  • Restate (e.g. What is another way to say X, in one’s own words)
  • Retell
  • Review
  • Reword
  • Rewrite
  • Scheme
  • See relationship among things
  • Show
  • Spell out
  • Submit
  • Summarize material
  • Tell
  • Theorize
  • Transform
  • Translate (e.g. from one form to another such as words numbers, the following phrases into English)
  • Understand meaning of facts and principles
  • Vary

Examples of Activities or Uses

  • Apply a new sales technique to a real-life selling situation
  • Classify different types of tickets for sale
  • Command others step-by-step to perform CPR
  • Communicate an idea in a new or different form
  • Compare (e.g. How does Mary’s approach compare to John’s?)
  • Create a model of representation
  • Demonstrate how to plan a conference for new sales associates
  • Create an audio recording, poster, cartoon, collage
  • Create a “what if…” scenario
  • Create examples or metaphors
  • Debate an issue
  • Define the relationships between consumers today and consumers in 1999
  • Dramatize an event
  • Draw a conclusion or implication
  • Estimate the top priorities that our company will face in the next ten years
  • Explain in your own words the steps for performing a complex task
  • Explain leadership in your own words
  • Explain or interpret meaning from a given scenario or statement
  • Explain the specific model learned on how to manage stressful situations in your own words
  • Explain why we have specific work safety rules in place
  • Form relationships using analogies, similes, metaphors, causal relationships
  • Give descriptions (e.g. What is this course about?)
  • Give examples of a Class C fire.
  • Give reasons for a problem (e.g. the energy crisis)
  • Interpret the chart that shows the rate of inflation over the past 10 tens
  • Interview colleagues on ways they reduce stress
  • Justify the method used
  • Outline the procedures
  • Outline the steps necessary to handle customer complaints
  • Paraphrase
  • Peer teaching
  • Perform a skit, speech, story
  • Place information into a chart or graph
  • Predict effects of changes
  • Put ideas into categories
  • Restate a paragraph, sentence, or page in your own words
  • Restate the reasons for policy changes
  • Rewrite the principles of test writing
  • Show and tell
  • Small group projects
  • Solve story problems
  • State main ideas (e.g. What is the main idea of this article?)
  • State the underlying factors that contributed to the loss in revenue
  • Suggest treatment, reaction or solution to given problem
  • Summarize an article or information
  • Take a photograph
  • Translate an equation into a computer spreadsheet
  • What characteristics do all learning models share?

Telling Ain’t Training Book Review

Why You Should Read This Book

Telling Ain't TrainingIs the purpose of your training to change the behavior of your trainees and to improve workplace performance?  If so, this is the book for you. 

Is your mantra “learner-centered” and “performance-based”?  If not, it should be!  After reading this book I guarantee it will be! 

This learner-centered book is a must-read for anyone designing and delivering training whether a novice or experienced trainer or developer.  I plan to reread it over and over again as a refresher and will definitely use it as a reference. 

The authors, Harold D. Stolovitch and Erica J. Keeps, practice what they preach.  Telling Ain’t Training is fun, engaging, easy to read, and written in plain English.  All terminology and concepts are explained very well.  The book is interactive and keeps the reader engaged by interspersing activities throughout the book.  In addition, there are charts, illustrations, quizzes, worksheets, checklists, planning sheets, scripting sheets, and summaries.

What it Contains

Telling Ain’t Training contains practical information on adult learning principles based on current research in order to improve workplace performance.   This book doesn’t just explain how to train.  It tells what works and why.  Included in the book:

  • Training and learning terminology
  • Adult Learning Principles
  • Types of knowledge
  • How to motivate learners
  • How to improve learner retention
  • How to develop effective training activities
  • How to retrofit current training sessions using the Five-Step Model
  • Brain research
  • Types of Training
  • 25 effective training activities
  • How to assess learners

Where to Order

Order from or the ASTD store.

Publisher: ASTD Press
Format: Paperback
Pages: 200 pages
Publication Date: 2002
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1-56286-328-2
ISBN-13: 978-1-56286-328-9
SKU: 110211

Bloom’s Taxonomy – Level 1 Remember


Bloom's Taxonomy

Remembering is the lowest level of learning in the cognitive domain in Bloom’s Taxonomy and typically does not bring about a change in behavior. It involves memorization and recall of information with no evidence of understanding.  Learners absorb, remember, recognize and recall information.  However, it is the building block of all subsequent levels of learning because the learner must remember information presented before progressing to the next levels.

Performance Verbs

  • Arrange
  • Check
  • Choose
  • Cite
  • Define
  • Demonstrate
  • Describe
  • Draw
  • Duplicate
  • Explain
  • Find
  • Group
  • How
  • How much?
  • Identify
  • Illustrate
  • Know
  • Label
  • List
  • Locate
  • Make
  • Match
  • Memorize
  • Name
  • Omit
  • Order
  • Outline
  • Pick
  • Point to
  • Quote
  • Read
  • Recall
  • Recite
  • Recognize
  • Record
  • Relate
  • Remember
  • Repeat
  • Reproduce
  • Retrieve
  • Say
  • Select
  • Show
  • Sort
  • Spell
  • State
  • Summarize
  • Tally
  • Tell in your own words
  • Touch
  • Transfer
  • Translate
  • Underline
  • What
  • What does it mean?
  • What is?
  • When?
  • Where?
  • Which one?
  • Which is the best one?
  • Who?
  • Why?
  • Write

Examples of Activities or Uses

  • Bring to mind appropriate material and stored knowledge
  • Define customer service
  • Drill and practice
  • Explain the law of supply and demand
  • Fill out a loan processing form
  • Fill out workbooks or worksheets
  • Find definitions
  • Games
  • Identify four teaching methods from the information processing family
  • Identify the type of fracture
  • Illustrate a word/concept
  • Information searches
  • Know rules
  • Label the parts of a machine
  • List policies and procedures
  • List specific bits of learned information
  • Locate examples of negligent misrepresentation in the following article
  • Look at a product and provide a detailed description
  • Make a timeline
  • Memory games
  • Multiple Choice tests
  • Name three features of our new line of products
  • Question and Answer sessions
  • Questions have right or wrong answers
  • Quizzes
  • Quote a law, price, or other bit of information
  • Read a book or article
  • Recall a process or information
  • Recite company policies or other learned information
  • Recount facts
  • Remember previously learned information
  • Remember terms, methods, facts, concepts, specific items of information
  • Remember things read, heard, seen
  • Select the appropriate procedure (e.g. for fighting an electrical fire)
  • State procedure
  • Tell statistics
  • Who is considered the “father” of adult learning theory? 
  • Write definitions for the following terms
  • Write an email to a potential customer outlining three benefits of our new product

A Few of My Favorite Learning Quotes

A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops. 
Henry Brooks Adams

The mediocre teacher tells.  The good teacher explains.  The superior teacher demonstrates.  The great teacher inspires. 
William Arthur Ward

What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches.
Karl Menninger

Teaching should be full of ideas instead of stuffed with facts. 

The teacher who is indeed wise does not bid you to enter the house of his wisdom but rather leads you to the threshold of your mind. 
Kahlil Gibran

The task of the excellent teacher is to stimulate “apparently ordinary” people to unusual effort.  The tough problem is not in identifying winners:  it is in making winners out of ordinary people. 
K. Patricia Cross

Who dares to teach must never cease to learn. 
John Cotton Dana

A teacher who is attempting to teach without inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn is hammering on a cold iron.
Horace Mann

When love and skill work together, expect a masterpiece.
John Ruskin

They may forget what you said, but they will never forget how you made them feel.

The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.
Alvin Toffler

It is not so much what is poured into the student, but what is planted that really counts.

I touch the future. I teach.
Christa McAuliffe

A teacher’s purpose is not to create students in his own image, but to develop students who can create their own image. 

Good teacher is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater.
Gail Godwin

If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.
Andy McIntyre

A master can tell you what he expects of you. A teacher, though awakens your own expectations.
Patricia Neal

The best teachers teach from the heart, not from the book.

Good teaching is more a giving of right questions than a giving of right answers.
Josef Albers

The art of teaching is the art of assisting discovery.
Mark van Doren

We cannot hold a torch to light another’s path without brightening our own.
Ben Sweetland

It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.
Albert Einstein

What I hear, I forget.
What I see, I remember.
What I do, I understand.

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.

Any training that does not include the emotions, mind and body is incomplete; knowledge fades without feeling.

No one cares how much you know until they know how much you care.

It is only as we develop others that we permanently succeed.
Harvey Samuel Firestone

Students do not learn much just sitting in classes listening to teachers, memorizing prepackaged assignments, and spitting out answers. They must talk about what they are learning, write reflectively about it, relate it to past experiences, and apply it to their daily lives. They must make what they learn part of themselves. 
Arthur W. Chickering and Stephen C. Ehrmann

In times of profound change, the learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.
Al Rogers

An organization’s ability to learn and translate that learning into action is the ultimate competitive advantage.
Jack Welch

You can’t teach people everything they need to know. The best you can do is position them where they can find what they need to know when they need to know it.
Seymour Papert

Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.

It is today we must create the world of the future.
Eleanor Roosevelt

The metaphor (coaching) with sports is meant quite seriously… the coach stands back, observes the performance, and provides guidance. The coach applauds strengths, identifies weaknesses, points up principles, offers guiding and often inspiring imagery, and decides what kind of practice to emphasize.
David Perkins

Morpheus: “I’m trying to free your mind, Neo. But I can only show you the door. You’re the one who must walk through it”  
The Matrix

If there is a way to do it better… find it!
Thomas Edison

Education is knowing where to go to find out what you need to know; and its knowing how to use the information you get.
William Feather

I try to learn from the past, but I exclusively on the present. That’s where the fun is.
Donald Trump

The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you.
B.B. King

An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.
Benjamin Franklin

In teaching, the greatest sin is to be boring.
J.F. Herbert

Never discourage anyone…who continually makes progress, no matter how slow.

The only kind of learning which significantly influences behavior is self-discovered or self-appropriated learning – truth that has been assimilated in experience.
Carl Rogers

Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.

The biggest enemy to learning is the talking teacher.
John Holt

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